Comprehensive AIoT Industrial Computer Terminology Guide

CategoryKeywordKeyword Variations (Also Known As)Description
AndroidADBAndroid Debug BridgeA command-line tool that lets you communicate with a device.
AIoTAIArtificial IntelligenceThe simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions.
I/OAIOAnalog Input/OutputA type of I/O which sends or receives data that represents quantities as variables continuously.
AIoTAIoTArtificial Intelligence of ThingsThe combination of AI technologies with IoT infrastructure to achieve more efficient IoT operations, improve human-machine interactions and enhance data management and analytics.
AndroidAPIApplication Programming InterfaceA set of rules that allows programs to talk to each other.
AndroidAPKAndroid PackageThe package file format used by the Android operating system for distribution and installation of mobile apps and middleware.
SoftwareAppApplicationA program or group of programs designed for end users. Examples include database programs, word processors, web browsers and spreadsheets.
SoftwareBIOSBasic Input/Output SystemA type of firmware used during the booting process (power-on startup) on IBM PC compatible computers.
ComponentsBLBootloaderA small program that loads the operating system into the computer's memory during the boot process. It initializes the hardware, performs basic system checks, and allows the user to select the operating system or configure system settings.
HardwareBox PCCompact PC, Mini PCA type of PC characterized by its small size and lightweight design. These are often rugged and suitable for industrial applications.
NetworkBTBluetoothA wireless technology standard used for exchanging data between fixed and mobile devices over short distances.
MDMBYODBring Your Own DeviceA policy allowing employees to bring personally owned devices to their workplace, and to use those devices to access privileged company information and applications.
I/OCAN busController Area NetworkA robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other's applications without a host computer.
AIoTCloud ComputingThe delivery of different services through the Internet, including data storage, servers, databases, networking, and software.
TechnologyCMSContent Management SystemA CMS (Content Management System) is a software application or platform that enables the creation, management, and publishing of digital content. It provides a user-friendly interface for content authors, editors, and administrators to collaborate, organize, and publish content on websites or other digital platforms.
HardwareCOM ModuleComputer on Module, System on ModuleA type of single-board computer that combines a processor, memory, and I/O interfaces into a single board that can serve as the core of an embedded system.
MDMCOPECorporate Owned, Personally EnabledA business strategy in which an organization provides its employees with mobile computing devices and allows the employees to use them as if they were personally-owned notebook computers, tablets or smartphones.
HardwareCPUCentral Processing Unit, ProcessorThe electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations.
SoftwareDCSDistributed Control SystemA control system for a process or plant, wherein controller elements are distributed throughout the system.
SoftwareDeadlockA situation where a set of processes are blocked because each process is holding a resource and waiting for another resource acquired by some other process.
AIoTDeep LearningAn AI function that imitates the workings of the human brain in processing data for use in decision making.
I/ODIODigital Input/OutputA type of I/O which sends or receives data in the form of binary.
ServicesDMSDevice Manufacturing ServiceDMS (Device Manufacturing Service) refers to a service provided by a company or organization that offers end-to-end manufacturing solutions for electronic devices. This includes design, prototyping, production, testing, quality control, and logistics management.
NetworkDNSDomain Name SystemThe Internet's system for converting alphabetic names into numeric IP addresses.
I/ODPDisplayPortA digital display interface developed by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
I/ODVIDigital Visual InterfaceA video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
AIoTEdge ComputingA distributed computing paradigm which brings computation and data storage closer to the location where it is needed, to improve response times and save bandwidth.
TechnologyeDPEmbedded DisplayPorteDP (Embedded DisplayPort) is a digital display interface standard designed for use in embedded systems and laptops. It provides high-speed, low-power, and high-resolution display connectivity.
HardwareEEPROMElectrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only MemoryA type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices to store small amounts of data that must be saved when power is removed.
HardwareEmbedded SystemEmbedded Computing SystemA dedicated computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions as part of a larger system.
MDMEMMEnterprise Mobility ManagementThe set of people, processes, and technology focused on managing mobile devices, wireless networks, and other mobile computing services in a business context.
I/OeSATAExternal SATAA computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
HardwareFanless PCPassive Cooling PC, Silent PCA type of PC that doesn't use a traditional fan for cooling. Instead, it relies on passive cooling techniques.
AIoTFog ComputingA decentralized computing infrastructure in which data, compute, storage and applications are distributed in the most logical, efficient place between the data source and the cloud.
AndroidFOTAFirmware Over-The-AirA Mobile Software Management technology in which the operating firmware of a mobile device is wirelessly upgraded and updated by its manufacturer.
SoftwareFWFirmwareA specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
AndroidGMSGoogle Mobile ServicesA collection of Google applications and APIs that help support functionality across devices.
HardwareGPIOGeneral Purpose Input/OutputA generic pin on an integrated circuit whose behavior can be controlled by the user at runtime.
HardwareGPUGraphics Processing UnitA specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
HardwareHDDHard Disk DriveA data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks coated with magnetic material.
I/OHDMIHigh-Definition Multimedia InterfaceA proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device.
SoftwareHMIHuman-Machine InterfaceRefers to the user interface in a manufacturing or process control system. It provides a graphical interface through which a human operator can interact with the machine or system.
HardwareI/OInput/OutputA module that provides inputs or outputs to a control system. Inputs are sensor signals interpreted by the module and outputs are signals sent to control a physical process.
I/OI2CInter-Integrated CircuitA bus that is used for communication between components on a circuit board.
NetworkIDSIntrusion Detection SystemA device or software application that monitors a network or systems for malicious activity or policy violations.
AIoTIoTInternet of ThingsThe network of physical objects that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the Internet.
HardwareIPCIndustrial Computer, Industrial PCA computer designed for industrial applications, with a focus on durability and reliability.
TechnologyISPImage Signal ProcessorAn ISP (Image Signal Processor) is a specialized hardware or software component that performs various tasks related to image and video processing. It processes raw image sensor data to enhance image quality, perform noise reduction, adjust exposure, apply color correction, and other image enhancements.
SoftwareKernelA computer program at the core of a computer's operating system with complete control over everything in the system.
MDMKiosk ModeA feature which allows the device to run a single app and users cannot leave the app.
NetworkLANLocal Area NetworkA computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
TechnologyLVDSLow Voltage Differential SignalingLVDS (Low Voltage Differential Signaling) is a signaling standard used for high-speed data transmission between devices, particularly for displays. It offers low power consumption and noise immunity for reliable data transmission.
I/OM.2A specification for internally mounted computer expansion cards and associated connectors.
NetworkMAC AddressMedia Access Control AddressA unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller (NIC) for use as a network address in communications within a network segment.
AIoTMachine LearningMLA type of artificial intelligence that allows software applications to become more accurate in predicting outcomes without being explicitly programmed.
MDMMAMMobile Application ManagementA type of security software used by an IT department to control and protect data of specific corporate apps.
NetworkMANMetropolitan Area NetworkA network that interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or region larger than that covered by even a large local area network (LAN) but smaller than the area covered by a wide area network (WAN).
AndroidManifestAndroidManifest.xmlAn XML file in an Android source tree that describes the nature of the application and each of its components.
MDMMCMMobile Content ManagementSolutions that enforce policies for accessing and distribution of corporate documents.
SoftwareMiddlewareSoftware which lies between an operating system and the applications running on it. Essentially functioning as hidden translation layer.
TechnologyMIPIMIPI (Mobile Industry Processor Interface) is a specification that defines interfaces between components in mobile devices. It is commonly used for connecting displays, cameras, and other peripherals to the system-on-chip (SoC) in mobile devices.
MDMMobile Device ManagementA type of security software used by an IT department to monitor, manage, and secure employees' mobile devices.
I/OModbusA serial communications protocol originally published by Modicon (now Schneider Electric) for use with its programmable logic controllers (PLCs).
HardwareMotherboardMainboard, Mobo, MBThe main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer. It is the most 'central' part of a computer, where all the other components connect to.
SoftwareMulti-taskingThe concurrent execution of multiple tasks over a certain period of time.
SoftwareMulti-threadingThe ability of a central processing unit (CPU) or a single core in a multi-core processor to execute multiple processes or threads concurrently.
AndroidNDKNative Development KitA toolset that allows developers to write portions of their apps using native-code languages such as C and C++.
AIoTNeural NetworksA series of algorithms that endeavors to recognize underlying relationships in a set of data through a process that mimics the way the human brain operates.
AndroidOEMOriginal Equipment ManufacturerA company that produces hardware to be marketed under another company's brand name.
SoftwareOPC UAOPC Unified ArchitectureA machine to machine communication protocol for industrial automation.
SoftwareOperating SystemOSSystem software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides various services for computer programs.
AndroidOTAOver-The-AirThe standard method of distributing new software or firmware updates to mobile devices.
HardwarePanel PCAll-In-One Industrial PCA computer that incorporates its display and all of its computing components into a single unit.
I/OPCIPeripheral Component InterconnectA local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
I/OPCI ExpressPCIeA high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard.
HardwarePeripheral DevicePeripheralsAny auxiliary device such as a computer mouse or keyboard that connects to and works with the computer in some way.
SoftwarePLCProgrammable Logic ControllerAn industrial digital computer that has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of manufacturing processes, such as assembly lines or robotic devices.
HardwarePower SupplyPSUAn electrical device that provides electrical power to an electrical load.
TechnologyPredictive MaintenanceTechniques used to help determine the condition of in-service equipment in order to predict when maintenance should be performed.
I/OPS/2Personal System/2A standard for IBM personal computers that is used for connecting a keyboard and mouse.
I/OPulse Width ModulationPWMA method of reducing the amount of power delivered to an electronic device by effectively chopping up the power into discrete parts.
SoftwareRace ConditionThe condition of an electronics, software, or other system where the system's substantive behavior is dependent on the sequence or timing of other uncontrollable events.
HardwareRackmountRack-Mounted, RackmountingRefers to the method of mounting hardware devices in a rack, which is a standard-sized housing for electronic equipment.
HardwareRAMRandom Access MemoryA type of computer memory that can be read from and written to in any order. This is usually used to store working data and machine code.
HardwareReal-time ClockRTCA computer clock that keeps track of the current time.
TechnologyRJ11Registered Jack 11RJ11 (Registered Jack 11) is a standard connector used primarily for telephone lines. It features a 6-pin modular jack used for voice communication in residential and small office settings.
TechnologyRJ45Registered Jack 45RJ45 (Registered Jack 45) is a standard connector commonly used for Ethernet networking. It features an 8-pin modular jack used for data transmission in computer networks, including local area networks (LANs) and internet connections.
HardwareROMRead-Only MemoryA type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices. Data stored in ROM cannot be electronically modified after the manufacture of the memory device.
I/ORS-232Recommended Standard 232A standard for serial communication transmission of data, widely used in computers and peripheral equipment.
I/ORS-485Recommended Standard 485A standard defining the electrical characteristics of drivers and receivers for use in serial communications systems.
HardwareRuggedizedRugged, Industrial-Grade, RobustEquipment that has been designed to operate reliably in harsh usage environments and conditions.
I/OSATASerial ATAA computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
TechnologySCEPSimple Certificate Enrollment ProtocolSCEP (Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol) is a communication protocol used for certificate management and enrollment in a public key infrastructure (PKI) environment. It enables secure and automated certificate issuance, renewal, and revocation for network devices, such as routers, switches, and IoT devices.
I/OSCSISmall Computer System InterfaceA set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
I/OSDIOSecure Digital Input OutputAn interface that extends the functionality of devices by using a standard SD card slot to give devices new capabilities.
AndroidSDKSoftware Development KitA set of software development tools that allows the creation of applications for a certain software package, software framework, hardware platform, computer system, video game console, operating system, or similar development platform.
AndroidSELinuxSecurity-Enhanced LinuxA Linux feature that provides a mechanism for supporting access control security
I/OSerial CommunicationThe method of transferring data one bit at a time, sequentially, over a communication channel or computer bus.
I/OSerial Peripheral InterfaceSPIA synchronous serial communication interface specification used for short-distance communication, primarily in embedded systems.
HardwareSerial PortRS-232, COM portAn interface that allows a PC to transmit or receive data one bit at a time.
HardwareSingle Board ComputerSBCA complete computer built on a single circuit board, with microprocessor(s), memory, input/output (I/O) and other features required of a functional computer.
NetworkSNMPSimple Network Management ProtocolAn Internet Standard protocol for collecting and organizing information about managed devices on IP networks.
HardwareSolid-State DriveSSDA solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies to store data persistently.
HardwareSound CardAudio CardAn internal computer expansion card that facilitates the input and output of audio signals to/from a computer under control of computer programs.
NetworkSSHSecure ShellA cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network.
NetworkSSLSecure Sockets LayerA standard security technology for establishing an encrypted link between a server and a client.
SoftwareSystem SoftwareIncludes operating systems, device drivers, diagnostic tools and more. System software is almost always pre-installed on your computer.
I/OThunderboltHardware interface developed by Intel, in collaboration with Apple, for connecting peripherals to a computer.
TechnologyTOPSTera Operations Per SecondTOPS (Tera Operations Per Second) is a measure of computing performance that represents the number of trillion floating-point operations a processor or graphics processing unit (GPU) can perform in one second. It is commonly used to evaluate the processing power and efficiency of CPUs and GPUs in various applications, including artificial intelligence, deep learning, and scientific computing.
HardwareTouch PanelTouchscreenA type of display screen that has a touch-sensitive transparent panel covering the screen.
I/OUARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/TransmitterA computer hardware device for asynchronous serial communication in which the data format and transmission speeds are configurable.
I/OUniversal Serial BusUSBAn industry standard that establishes specifications for cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
HardwareUPSUninterruptible Power SupplyAn electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source or mains power fails.
HardwareUSBUniversal Serial BusA standard that establishes specifications for cables and connectors and protocols for connection, communication and power supply.
HardwareVESA MountA family of standards defined by the Video Electronics Standards Association for mounting flat panel monitors, TVs, and other displays.
NetworkVLANVirtual Local Area NetworkA broadcast domain that is partitioned and isolated in a computer network at the data link layer (OSI layer 2).
NetworkVPNVirtual Private NetworkA service that creates a private network from a public internet connection, providing more privacy and security.
NetworkVPN TunnelA virtual point-to-point connection through which packets are sent from a particular VPN router or VPN gateway to another by encapsulating the packet inside a transport protocol.
NetworkWANWide Area NetworkA telecommunications network that extends over a large geographical area for the primary purpose of computer networking.
HardwareWatchdog TimerA computer hardware or software timer that triggers a system reset or other corrective action if the main program, due to some fault condition, such as a hang, neglects to regularly service the watchdog.
NetworkWi-FiA family of wireless network protocols, based on the IEEE 802.11 family of standards, which are commonly used for local area networking of devices and Internet access.
NetworkWireless LANWLANA wireless computer network that links two or more devices using wireless communication.
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